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is also notable for including the first documented occurrence of the country's name: Wallachia is mentioned as Țeara Rumânească (old spelling for "The Romanian Land"; țeara from the Latin terra, "land"; current spelling: Țara Românească).
Two spelling forms: român and rumân were used interchangeably A handful of other languages (including Italian, Hungarian, Portuguese, and Norwegian) have also switched to "o" like English, but most languages continue to prefer forms with u, e.g.
With oil production of 7.2 million tons in 1937, Romania ranked second in Europe and seventh in the world.
On several occasions in the last few years before World War II, the democratic parties were squeezed between conflicts with the fascist and chauvinistic Iron Guard and the authoritarian tendencies of King Carol II.
The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.
It has an area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi) and a temperate-continental climate.
The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta.
A strong majority of the population identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians and are native speakers of Romanian, a Romance language.
The cultural history of Romania is often referred to when dealing with influential artists, musicians, inventors, and sportspeople.
) is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe.
It borders the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova.